Students watch a public service announcement called, "1 is 2 Many," featuring actor Seth Meyers among others, during an orientation meeting Friday, Aug. 1, 2014, in San Diego. Defining consensual sex is a growing trend by universities under pressure to do more to protect victims. Throughout the country, schools have been adopting policies on their own that set the parameters for distinguishing when consent was given for a sexual activity and when it was not. (AP Photo/Gregory Bull)

A look at California legislation on sexual assault

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SAN DIEGO (AP) -- The California State Assembly is expected to vote on legislation this month that would require colleges that receive state funds for student assistance to adopt an "affirmative consent standard" as part of their sexual assault policies in determining allegations from a complainant.

Here's a look at what the legislation says about what would be considered consent between students engaged in sexual activity and what would not be considered consent when colleges investigate a sexual assault case.

SB-967 says:

"Affirmative consent means affirmative, conscious, and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity. It is the responsibility of each person involved in the sexual activity to ensure that he or she has the affirmative consent of the other or others to engage in the sexual activity. Lack of protest or resistance does not mean consent, nor does silence mean consent."

It also states that "affirmative consent must be ongoing throughout a sexual activity and can be revoked at any time. The existence of a dating relationship between the persons involved, or the fact of past sexual relations between them, should never by itself be assumed to be an indicator of consent."

The accused also could not use being under the influence of drugs or alcohol or recklessness as an argument for believing the complainant, according to the legislation.

It also is not consent if the complainant was asleep or unconscious, was unable to communicate due to a mental or physical condition, or incapacitated due to the influence of drugs, alcohol, or medication, so the complainant could not understand the fact, nature, or extent of the sexual activity.

Copyright © The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.


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