Brazil’s Lula promises no deforestation but challenges loom


              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in his name. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign sign of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman waits on her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, roam in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A small passenger boat crosses the Acre River between the city and the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Agents from the Chico Mendes Institute inspect land the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Angela Mendes, daughter of environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes, speaks to The Associated Press reporter in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Mendes, daughter of Chico Mendes, says that to really halt deforestation, the incoming administration will have to listen to the needs of smallholders who live from forest products like rubber, Brazil nuts, and açaí, and overhaul the federal agency in charge of running protected areas, the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle roam an area by the road leading to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros and his son Rogerio Mendes talk standing next to a rubber-tree prepared for the extraction of rubber in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, works on the fence of a small pig pen at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, stands near a wall at his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, speaks at his home in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Raimundo Mendes de Barros, cousin of legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes, looks out from the kitchen of his house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Thanks to the rubber tappers movement, he said, people now have roads and electricity, and walk around on an equal footing with city residents. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle graze in an area of deforestation in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle became Acre's most important economic activity. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Latex dribbles down a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber tree is prepared to extract latex by rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Shadow of rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva is visible on a rubber tree in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman walks in front of the house where environmentalist leader and rubber-tapper Chico Mendes was murdered, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Farmers drive oxen down the road that leads to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A campaign flag of President Jair Bolsonaro stands next to a farm fence on the access road to the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Parts of Amazon region, with its legacy of rubber tappers, have turned against his Workers' Party and its vision of a sustainable economy. Many prefer to cut forest and run cattle and have became supporters of Bolsonaro. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in a deforested area in front of a house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Brazil's incoming president has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A woman her motorcycle to cross the Acre River on a ferry that connects the city with the rural area of access to the Chico Mends Extractive Reserve, in the city of Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. The reserve is forest protected in the name of the legendary rubber tapper leader and environmentalist Chico Mendes. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Jurivan Bezerra Rios shows a document denouncing the illegal sale of land in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Wednesday, Dec. 7, 2022. Land-robbers from the neighboring state of Rondonia illegally bought land parcels, even on public land. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Cattle, owned by Luzineide Marques da Silva, a third-generation rubber tapper, graze in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Cattle is allowed only on small scale. One of her daughters wants to follow in her footsteps and make a living from the family fields, rubber trees and Brazil nuts, the other two want to cut down the forest, plant grass and run cattle. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva returns home after a day of work collecting rubber at her placement in the Seringal Albracia, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              A rubber-tapper walks down a road in Seringal Humaita, in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Brasileia, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Rubber-tapper Luzineide Marques da Silva and her husband Eneas Souza Campos appear at the door of their house in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, in Xapuri, Acre state, Brazil, Tuesday, Dec. 6, 2022. Classic rubber tapping is done by slicing grooves into the bark of rubber trees and collecting the latex that oozes out. But that artisanal rubber has fallen into decline over decades, a casualty of synthetic rubber made in chemical factories or rubber grown on plantations. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
            
              Trees lie in an area of recent deforestation identified by agents of the Chico Mendes Institute in the Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve, Acre state, Brazil, Thursday, Dec. 8, 2022. Brazil's incoming president, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, has promised to eliminate all deforestation by 2030, which would be a complete change of course for Brazil compared to the last four years. (AP Photo/Eraldo Peres)
Brazil’s Lula promises no deforestation but challenges loom