Nobel panel to announce winner of physics prize


              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              This photo provided by the Berkeley Lab shows John Clauser with quantum mechanics experiment to test Bell's theorem at Berkeley, Calif., on Nov. 7, 1975.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption.  Clauser,  Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria, were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (Steve Gerber/ Berkeley Lab via AP)
            
              John F. Clauser stands in his kitchen at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif.,  on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              This photo provided by the Berkeley Lab shows John Clauser with quantum mechanics experiment to test Bell's theorem at Berkeley, Calif., on Nov. 7, 1975.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption.  Clauser,  Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria, were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (Steve Gerber/ Berkeley Lab via AP)
            
              John F. Clauser stands in his kitchen at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif.,  on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, is presented with the Niels Bohr Medal by Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna arrives for a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              This photo provided by the Berkeley Lab shows John Clauser with quantum mechanics experiment to test Bell's theorem at Berkeley, Calif., on Nov. 7, 1975.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption.  Clauser,  Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria, were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (Steve Gerber/ Berkeley Lab via AP)
            
              John F. Clauser stands in his kitchen at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif.,  on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna attends a news conference at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information in Vienna, Austria, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.(AP Photo/Theresa Wey)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              French physicist Alain Aspect is seen in Copenhagen, Denmark, on Oct. 3, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Ritzau Scanpix via AP)
            
              French physicist Alain Aspect is seen in Copenhagen, Denmark, on Oct. 3, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Ritzau Scanpix via AP)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna, left, and Vienna's Mayor Michael Haeupl smile during a press conference where the functioning of quantum cryptography based on entangled light particles will be presented, in Vienna's City Hall, Wednesday, April 21, 2004. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Hans Punz, File)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              John F. Clauser stands in his kitchen at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif.,  on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, holds the Niels Bohr Medal as he stands next to Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Austria's quantum physicist and university professor Anton Zeilinger gives a speech at the opening of the Bruckner Festival 2005 in the Brucknerhaus Linz, Austria, on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2005. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Rudi Brandstaetter, File)
            
              John F. Clauser speaks to reporters on the phone at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif., on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022.  Three scientists jointly won this year's Nobel Prize in physics on Tuesday, for their work on quantum information science that has significant applications, for example in the field of encryption. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances.(AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              John F. Clauser stands in his kitchen at his home in Walnut Creek, Calif.,  on Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. Clauser, Alain Aspect of France, and Anton Zeilinger of Austria were cited by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for discovering the way that particles known as photons can be linked, or “entangled,” with each other even when they are separated by large distances. (AP Photo/Terry Chea)
            
              French physicist Alain Aspect is seen in Copenhagen, Denmark, on Oct. 3, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Ritzau Scanpix via AP)
            
              French physicist Alain Aspect is seen in Copenhagen, Denmark, on Oct. 3, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Ritzau Scanpix via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, is presented with the Niels Bohr Medal by Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, holds the Niels Bohr Medal as he stands next to Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna, left, and Vienna's Mayor Michael Haeupl smile during a press conference where the functioning of quantum cryptography based on entangled light particles will be presented, in Vienna's City Hall, Wednesday, April 21, 2004. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Hans Punz, File)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Austria's quantum physicist and university professor Anton Zeilinger gives a speech at the opening of the Bruckner Festival 2005 in the Brucknerhaus Linz, Austria, on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2005. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Rudi Brandstaetter, File)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, is presented with the Niels Bohr Medal by Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, holds the Niels Bohr Medal as he stands next to Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna, left, and Vienna's Mayor Michael Haeupl smile during a press conference where the functioning of quantum cryptography based on entangled light particles will be presented, in Vienna's City Hall, Wednesday, April 21, 2004. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Hans Punz, File)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Austria's quantum physicist and university professor Anton Zeilinger gives a speech at the opening of the Bruckner Festival 2005 in the Brucknerhaus Linz, Austria, on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2005. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Rudi Brandstaetter, File)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              Thors Hans Hansson, right, member of the Nobel Committee for Physics presents the 2022 Nobel laureates in physics as Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre and member of the Nobel Committee for Physic Eva Olsson, left, listen, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. The winners of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics are Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, is presented with the Niels Bohr Medal by Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - French physicist Professor Alain Aspect, left, holds the Niels Bohr Medal as he stands next to Queen Margrethe of Denmark, at the Carlsberg Honorary Residence in Copenhagen, Monday Oct. 7, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Finn Frandsen/Ritzau Scanpix via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Professor Anton Zeilinger from the University of Vienna, left, and Vienna's Mayor Michael Haeupl smile during a press conference where the functioning of quantum cryptography based on entangled light particles will be presented, in Vienna's City Hall, Wednesday, April 21, 2004. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Hans Punz, File)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Austria's quantum physicist and university professor Anton Zeilinger gives a speech at the opening of the Bruckner Festival 2005 in the Brucknerhaus Linz, Austria, on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2005. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Rudi Brandstaetter, File)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              Austrian scientist Anton Zeilinger speaks during a press conference in Vienna on Monday, Jan. 26, 2009. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science.  (AP Photo/Lilli Strauss)
            
              FILE - Austria's quantum physicist and university professor Anton Zeilinger gives a speech at the opening of the Bruckner Festival 2005 in the Brucknerhaus Linz, Austria, on Sunday, Sept. 11, 2005. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (AP Photo/Rudi Brandstaetter, File)
            
              FILE - Swiss Federal Council Alain Berset, left, hands over the certificate of the Balzan Prize to French physicist Alain Aspect, right, during the official Balzan prize ceremony at the parliament building in Bern, Switzerland, Nov. 15, 2013. On Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded to three scientists, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger for their work on quantum information science. (Peter Klaunzer/Keystone via AP, File)
            
              Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Hans Ellegren, centre, Eva Olsson, left and Thors Hans Hansson, members of the Nobel Committee for Physics announce the winner of the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics, from left to right on the screen, Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser and Anton Zeilinger, during a press conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, in Stockholm, Sweden, Tuesday, Oct. 4, 2022. (Jonas Ekstromer /TT News Agency via AP)
            
              FILE - A bust of Alfred Nobel on display at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden, on Monday, Oct. 3, 2022. (Henrik Montgomery/TT News Agency via AP, File)
            
              FILE - A Nobel diploma and medal are displayed, Tuesday, Dec. 8, 2020, during a ceremony in New York. (Angela Weiss/Pool Photo via AP, File)
            
              FILE - A Nobel medal displayed during a ceremony in New York, Tuesday, Dec. 8, 2020. (Angela Weiss/Pool Photo via AP, File)
Nobel panel to announce winner of physics prize