States struggle with pushback after wave of policing reforms


              FILE - In this family photo, Princess Blanding, left, stands with her brother, Marcus-David Peters, in Richmond, Va., on Oct. 15, 2017. Peters, an unarmed Black man, was fatally shot by a Richmond police officer in 2018 during a psychiatric crisis. Virginia, once a reliably conservative state, flexed its then-new Democratic muscle after George Floyd’s death, passing a sweeping package of police reforms. But Blanding said the law she envisioned has been “watered down to the point that overall it is ineffective.” (Courtesy of Princess Blanding via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Parents Fred Thomas and Annalesa Thomas, second right, whose son, Leonard Thomas, was killed by Lakewood, Wash., police in 2013, are greeted by Nickeia Hunter and Monisha Harrelle, right, chair of Equal Rights Washington, before ceremonies by Washington Gov. Jay Inslee to sign 12 bills about police accountability at the Eastside Community Center in Tacoma, Wash., on Tuesday, May 18, 2021. Nickeia Hunter is the sister of Carlos Hunter, who was killed by Vancouver, Wash., police in 2019. (Tony Overman/The News Tribune via AP, File)
            
              FILE - A pedestrian walks past a mural that reads "Rest in Power George Floyd," and appears to be damaged, Tuesday, May 25, 2021, in downtown Seattle, on the one-year anniversary since Floyd died at the hands of Minneapolis police. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
            
              FILE - Ken Westphal, center, an officer with the Lacey Police Dept. and an instructor at the Washington state Criminal Justice Training Commission, works with cadets LeAnne Cone, of the Vancouver Police Dept., and Kevin Burton-Crow, right, of the Thurston Co. Sheriff's Dept., during a training exercise Wednesday, July 14, 2021, in Burien, Wash. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
            
              FILE - The graffiti-smeared statue of Robert E. Lee and Traveller stand behind a traffic sign with "Marcus-David Peters Circle" on a handwritten sign below on the circle that surrounds the monument on Monument Avenue in Richmond, Va., Wednesday, June 10, 2020. Peters, a Black man who was suffering a mental condition, was shot by a Richmond police officer on May 14, 2018. (Bob Brown/Richmond Times-Dispatch via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Marchers for Marcus-David Peters shout as they head to Richmond Police headquarters from VCU's Siegel Center in Richmond, Va., on June 2, 2018. Around the U.S., protesters have been calling for prosecutors to take a second look at police killings of Black people, including Peters, who was shot May 14 by a Richmond police officer after a confrontation on Interstate 95. (Daniel Sangjib Min/Richmond Times-Dispatch via AP, File)
            
              FILE - In this image from body camera video, a police officer points his gun at Marcus-David Peters in Richmond, Va., on May 14, 2018. The naked, unarmed Black man was fatally shot by a Richmond police officer in 2018 during a psychiatric crisis. (Richmond Police via AP, File)
            
              FILE - Alex Smith, 3, sits on the shoulders of his mother, Maya Teeuwissen, during a rally in downtown Jackson, Miss., on Saturday, June 6, 2020, in response to the recent death of George Floyd, and to highlight police brutality nationwide, including Mississippi. The Mississippi branch of Black Lives Matter coordinated the events to also encouraged the participants to push leaders to seek long term solutions to issues plaguing the African American community. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis, File)
            
              Jarvis Dortch, executive director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Mississippi, and a former lawmaker, stands in the rotunda of the Mississippi Capitol in Jackson, Oct. 18, 2022. He believes there is little "appetite" for police reform in the state, especially with a Republican controlled state house and offices of governor, lieutenant governor and attorney general. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)
            
              FILE - Protesters wave signs during a protest in Jackson, Miss., on Friday, June 5, 2020, over Mississippi Attorney General Lynn Fitch's recent decision to drop a manslaughter charge against former Columbus Police Officer Canyon Boykin. Boykin, who is white, had been charged in the October 2015 shooting death of Ricky Ball., who is Black. Ball's family intended to deliver a letter to Fitch asking her to reopen the case but Capitol Police refused entry to the building, citing closure due to the coronavirus pandemic. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis, File)
            
              Darius Harris, 45, a construction worker, speaks about being targeted by police in Lexington, Miss., during an interview in Tchula, Miss., on Oct. 21, 2022. He recalled being repeatedly harassed, threatened, and arrested by police and as a result, he avoids shopping or visiting his brother who lives in that small city. Harris is one of five plaintiffs in a federal lawsuit that accuses the Lexington Police Department of subjecting Black residents to intimidation, excessive force and false arrests. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)
            
              Darius Harris, 45, a construction worker, wipes his face as he speaks about being targeted by police in Lexington, Miss., during an interview in Tchula, Miss., on Oct. 21, 2022. He recalled being repeatedly harassed, threatened, and arrested by police and as a result, he avoids shopping or visiting his brother who lives in that small city. Harris is one of five plaintiffs in a federal lawsuit that accuses the Lexington Police Department of subjecting Black residents to intimidation, excessive force and false arrests. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis)
            
              FILE - Mississippi Gov. Tate Reeves stands with members of law enforcement during a news conference at the Walter Sillers Building in Jackson, Miss., Monday, Dec. 20, 2021. Reeves held the press conference to recognize the sacrifices of state law enforcement officers during COVID-19. (Eric Shelton/The Clarion-Ledger via AP, File)
            
              FILE - A police shield is displayed on a Lexington, Miss., police cruiser parked outside their facility near the town square, Monday, Aug. 15, 2022. A civil rights and international human rights organization filed a federal lawsuit against local officials in Lexington, where they say police have "terrorized" residents, subjecting them to false arrests, excessive force and intimidation. (AP Photo/Rogelio V. Solis, File)
            
              FILE - Protesters raise their hands in front of a line of police officers during a rally in Las Vegas on June 1, 2020. Several protesters and self-described "legal observers" filed a federal civil rights lawsuit against Las Vegas police. They claim excessive force and free speech violations during racial justice demonstrations following the death of a Black man in police custody in Minneapolis. (AP Photo/John Locher, File)
            
              FILE - State Sens. Dallas Harris, foreground, and Melanie Scheible arrive at the Legislature on Friday, July 31, 2020 during the first day of the 32nd Special Session of the Legislature in Carson City. On paper, police reforms passed in Nevada in 2021 appeared expansive. But the Legislature's leading reformer, Harris, said she had to scale back the bills to get them passed. Ultimately, she says, it's up to the public and the police departments themselves to make sure change happens. (David Calvert/Nevada Independent via AP, Pool, File)
            
              FILE - Stretch Sanders, center left, leads a "March on Washington" rally for police accountability and reform at a statue of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in North Las Vegas, Nev., on Friday, Aug. 28, 2020. The rally was held on the 57th anniversary of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have A Dream" speech. (AP Photo/John Locher, File)
            
              FILE - Robyn Williams, sister of Byron Williams, cries during a news conference in Las Vegas on Thursday, July 15, 2021. The family of 50-year-old Byron Williams, whose death in Las Vegas police custody after a bicycle chase in 2019 was ruled a homicide, is suing the city and four officers they accuse of wrongful death and civil rights violations. (AP Photo/John Locher, File)
            
              FILE - Police stand guard as protesters rally at the Trump Tower, Monday, June 1, 2020, in Las Vegas, over the death of George Floyd. Floyd, a black man, died after being restrained by Minneapolis police officers on Memorial Day. (AP Photo/John Locher, File)
            
              FILE - Police take down protesters near Seattle Central Community College in Seattle on Saturday, July 25, 2020. A large group of protesters were marching Saturday in Seattle in support of Black Lives Matter and against police brutality and racial injustice. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
            
              FILE - Shanee Isabell calls out the name of her second cousin Charleena Lyles, Thursday, June 18, 2020, during a vigil for Lyles on the third anniversary of her death, in Seattle. Lyles was shot and killed by Seattle police. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)
States struggle with pushback after wave of policing reforms