‘Tough’ decisions as county authority, Seattle diverge over approach to downtown homeless camps

Mar 31, 2022, 8:53 AM | Updated: 9:06 am
Seattle City Hall homeless camp...
The removal of a homeless camp outside Seattle City Hall. (Nicole Jennings, KIRO Newsradio)
(Nicole Jennings, KIRO Newsradio)

In February, the City of Seattle and the King County Regional Homelessness Authority (KCRHA) announced a joint initiative with a collection of local businesses to stand up a new program known as “Partnership for Zero,” created to provide end-to-end outreach to people in downtown homeless camps. Just a month later, though, there’s been a significant divide between the city and the KCRHA’s shorter term priorities as the pace of encampment clearances has accelerated.

Sweep of homeless camp outside Seattle City Hall draws criticism from activists

The City of Seattle has conducted dozens of encampment removals since the start of Mayor Bruce Harrell’s term in 2022, under the justification that tents on sidewalks should not be allowed to obstruct public rights of way. And as Harrell’s office has pointed out, there is “no requirement for offers of shelter when an encampment is creating an obstruction,” leading to many removals being conducted with little to no prior outreach. In instances where the city’s HOPE Team has been on hand to provide referrals, only half have actually led to shelter placements over the last three months, a number which is likely even higher when combined with those who opted out of sharing their data with the city.

Recent encampment removals have all also been part of a strategy that the KCRHA has voiced its explicit opposition to.

“The authority has a stance, and that stance is very straightforward — it is articulated and not moving, and that is: we don’t support displacement-based strategy, full stop,” KCRHA CEO Marc Dones said in a media roundtable on Tuesday. “It’s not data-based, and it doesn’t produce the results that folks are after.”

Despite that difference in philosophies, Dones says that discussions with Harrell’s office on moving past the city’s existing approach have yielded positive results, albeit with a more future-facing timeline.

“We are in, I would say, frankly, a good conversation right now with the mayor’s office about how to get to that place,” they described. “I’m acknowledging that we are not currently there, but I believe that we all have some of the same end states in mind as to what we’d like to see.”

“I hope that there is a path to not using displacement-based strategies countywide, [or] anywhere,” Dones added. “Because we are in a place with a robust enough peer advocate workforce, we are able to be way ahead of that.”

More work to do on shelter spaces

The issue that’s cropped up as Seattle has ramped up its encampment removals, though, is twofold — first, the city rarely has more than a small handful of available shelter spaces to offer on any given day, and second, up until recently, the spaces outreach workers have been able to offer haven’t adequately met people’s needs.

“People say no [to referrals] because things don’t make sense for them — because they’re not good,” Dones said. “What we were offering people writ large was a mat on a floor.”

“Imagine a mat on the floor was the thing that made sense,” they continued. “It’s not, but if that was a thing that made sense, we were also in most cases saying, ‘you have to be in by 7 p.m. and out by 6 a.m., there’s no place to store your things.’ That was the world, and people said, ‘that doesn’t make sense.’ It’s not supportive; there’s no way for that to become a foundation to reach any goal, housing or otherwise.”

That sentiment was echoed by REACH System Coordinator Dawn Shepard, citing her own experiences with congregate shelters.

“I can totally identify with why you don’t want to go into a congregate setting shelter, where someone’s going to be screaming in the middle of the night triggering your own PTSD, where everything that you put down and turn your back on is stolen, where you are not necessarily treated with the kindness and respect by the staff there, and that you have no place to store your belongings,” she described.

Meanwhile, efforts to expand shelter options have been slow to arrive. Seattle City Council approved funding for over 1,600 new non-congregate shelter units in 2021, but as Councilmember Andrew Lewis pointed out last year, “few of those funded shelter resources have been realized,” with efforts curtailed by a series of “bureaucratic bottlenecks” related to land use regulations, “NIMBY opposition,” and limited capacity from providers.

That’s what fueled Partnership for Zero, as part of a strategy to “push the reimagining of shelter” to offer alternative options like bridge housing, while providing a variety of other services and resources to put people on the path toward exiting homelessness.

Peer advocates

Underpinning that is a goal to ensure that even if someone turns down an offer of shelter, peer advocates — outreach workers with lived experiences of homelessness — can not only build trust and establish familiar relationships with those living in encampments, but remain in the equation down the line.

“Ideally, even if folks say no [to a shelter referral], the role of a peer advocate is to continue to stand in that space and not write people off just because they’re not accessing services and using that peer relationship,” KCRHA Peer Navigation Workforce Co-Director Joe Conniff explained. “Peer advocacy remains at the forefront of continuing to stand in that space when folks are not ready or not willing to say yes, so you can continue to work with them and find whatever stability or quality of life improvements that can continue to happen in the interim.”

And as Dones further points out, the journey of someone experiencing homelessness is rarely a linear path, making it that much more important for them to have that advocate in their orbit.

“When we talk about what resources people have access to, there’s a fixity on this idea that people move from unsheltered, to sheltered, to permanent supportive housing, and it’s three steps — that is not what the experience of homelessness is for the vast majority of people,” they explained. “What we do know is that in spaces that are enriched with longitudinal navigation, people access other systems, other resources, or community supports, and resolve homelessness through the work of that dedicated [peer] advocate — that’s what gets the job done.”

Coalition of businesses to put $10 million into Seattle homeless outreach

“And so this idea that [navigation] workers are going to have some sort of golden ticket into a shelter system or a golden ticket into permanent supportive housing, I think is a result of a fixity on an idea of what it means to exit homelessness,” Dones continued. “That does not conform or comport with the experience of the people who have experienced homelessness, or with what we see in the system data.”

That sort of approach will also take time to fully realize, leaving the KCRHA with some difficult choices to make in the meantime as the city has continued to focus its efforts on clearing obstructive encampments.

“We recognize that there are folks today who are not going to benefit from the thing that might exist in four weeks,” Dones noted. “But I think what we’re all very focused on is getting to the level of system change and broader behavior change that gets to some of the roots of these patterns, as opposed to trying to put out the fire of the moment, and that’s a tough call.”

“It doesn’t always feel great to say, ‘I need to go to work and focus on the system,’ but that is the choice that we have made.”

Local News

crime, domestic violence...
Darren Dedo

Prosecutors say former boxer beats roommate to death shortly after leaving prison

A man in Kent has been charged with murder, and prosecutors say it started with a dispute over a crinkly candy wrapper.
1 day ago
(Photo by Craig F. Walker via Getty Images)...
Frank Sumrall

Seattle Public Schools will not change start times despite growing bus driver staffing concerns

Superintendent Brent Jones has determined Seattle Public Schools (SPS) will continue the two-tier transportation system for the 2022-23 school year.
1 day ago
Bellevue Power Line...
KIRO Newsradio staff

Power outages impact thousands across Western Washington

Thousands of people are without power in Western Washington after strong winds knocked down trees and power lines on Wednesday.
1 day ago
Auburn Pitbull...
Darren Dedo

Video: Police shoot dog attacking a little girl in Auburn

An Auburn girl is recovering after a vicious dog attack caught on video. According to Auburn Police, officers were dispatched to the 1800 block of C Street SE for a dog attack 11-year-old victim. Officers arrived on the scene and found the girl with bites to her left arm from an attack by two pit […]
1 day ago
Rescuers work at the site of a plane crash on March 23, 2022 in Tengxian County, Wuzhou City, Guang...
Charlie Harger

Investigators suspect the fatal Boeing 737 airplane crash in China was intentional

The Wall Street Journal reported investigators believe someone in the cockpit intentionally crashed the China Eastern Airlines jet.
1 day ago
Tent Homeless...
MyNorthwest Staff

Edmonds doesn’t want to become next Seattle after City Council bans public camping

After weeks of delays and debates, the Edmonds City Council passed an ordinance banning camping in public spaces Tuesday evening.
1 day ago

Sponsored Articles


Anacortes – A Must Visit Summertime Destination

While Anacortes is certainly on the way to the San Juan Islands (SJI), it is not just a destination to get to the ferry… Anacortes is a destination in and of itself!

Ready for your 2022 Alaskan Adventure with Celebrity Cruises?

Celebrity Cruises SPONSORED — A round-trip Alaska cruise from Seattle is an amazing treat for you and a loved one. Not only are you able to see and explore some of the most incredible and visually appealing natural sights on the planet, but you’re also able to relax and re-energize while aboard a luxury cruise […]

Compassion International Is Determined to ‘Fill’ a Unique Type of Football ‘Stadium’

Compassion International SPONSORED — During this fall’s football season—and as the pandemic continues to impact the entire globe—one organization has been urging caring individuals to help it “fill” a unique type of “stadium” in order to make a lasting difference in the lives of many. Compassion International’s distinctive Fill the Stadium (FtS, fillthestadium.com) initiative provides […]

What are the Strongest, Greenest, Best Windows?

Lake Washington Windows & Doors SPONSORED — Fiberglass windows are an excellent choice for window replacement due to their fundamental strength and durability. There is no other type of window that lasts as long as fiberglass; so why go with anything else? Fiberglass windows are 8x stronger than vinyl, lower maintenance than wood, more thermally […]

COVID Vaccine is a Game-Changer for Keeping our Kids Healthy

Snohomish Health District SPONSORED — Cheers to the parents and guardians who keep their kids safe and healthy. The dad who cooks a meal with something green in it, even though he’s tired and drive-thru burgers were tempting. The mom who calms down the little one who loudly and resolutely does NOT want to brush […]
Experience Anacortes

Coastal Christmas Celebration Week in Anacortes

With minimal travel time required and every activity under the sun, Anacortes is the perfect vacation spot for all ages.
‘Tough’ decisions as county authority, Seattle diverge over approach to downtown homeless camps